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Baikonur (Tyuratam) Space Launch Site



Baikonur Space Launch Site  – Cosmodrome

Tyuratam Missile Test Range

Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Ispytatel'nyi Poligon N.5 (NIIP-5)

or Scientific-Research Test Range N.5

Space reconnaissance KH-7 photos of Baikonur Tyuratam in 1966  –  unique (nowhere else) cofee mug and T-shirt

baikonur launch site tyuratam missile range coffee mug baikonur launch site tyuratam missile range coffee mug baikonur launch site tyuratam missile range t-shirt

displaying the cosmodrome (missile range) area and zoomed-in first space launch pad (Sputnik, Gagarin, Soyuz)
and main residential and headquarters area (Tyuratam, Leninsk, Baikonur)

coffee mug  –  baikonur launch site tyuratam missile range t-shirt      T-shirt  –  baikonur launch site tyuratam missile range t-shirt

other rocket science stuff


tyuratam baikonur schematic

Tours to space launches at Baikonur

It is possible to visit Baikonur as a tourist and attend space launches.

Main tour operators:

Vegitel  –  http://starcity-tours.com

Mir Corp.  –  http://mircorp.com

Space Affairs  –  http://space-affairs.com

Space Adventures  –  http://spaceadventures.com


Very brief history of Tyuratam-Baikonur

The Soviet government established Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Ispytatel'nyi Poligon N.5 (NIIIP-5), or Scientific-Research Test Range N.5 (future Tyuratam or Baikonur) by its decree of 12 February 1955.

The U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance plane found and photographed for the first time the missile test range on 5 August 1957. The location of the new rocket center was identified on the World War II German topographical map near Bf., or Bahnhof (station in German), Tyuratam. Dino A. Brugioni, an assistant to the chief of the CIA's Photo-Interpretation Division (PID), named the launching site Tyuratam, following the intelligence community practice of naming installations after the nearby towns. The USSR kept the location of the missile range secret.

Blazing the Trail page 310-323 Only in 1961 after the launch of the first man to space, Yuri A. Gagarin, the Soviet Union publicly identified the launch site location as Baikonur after a small town ... nearly 200 miles (320 km) northeast away.

See M. Gruntman, Blazing the Trail. The Early History of Spacecraft and Rocketry, AIAA, 2004 for the historic and technological background and context. (Many major libraries  –  more than 500 worldwide  –  have the book in their collections.)
Pages 310–323 of the book (in Chapter 14 "Gateways to Heaven"  –  history of Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg, Tyuratam-Baikonur, Plesetsk) describe the history of the establishment and construction of the Tyuratam Missile Test Range (Baikonur Space Launch Site  – Cosmodrome).

fragments of the decree of the USSR Council of Ministers establishing the Tyuratam Baikonur Missile Test Range –  Page 312 from Blazing the Trail
shows parts of the decree of the USSR Council of Ministers establishing the Tyuratam (Baikonur) Missile Test Range.

composite satellite image of the early Tyuratam Baikonur launch complex, the cosmodrome, obtained by Corona on 30 May 1962 –  Page 321 from Blazing the Trail
shows a composite satellite image of the early Tyuratam (Baikonur) launch complex, the cosmodrome, obtained by Corona on 30 May 1962. Also shown (zoomed in) are the first space launching pad (first satellite sputnik, first cosmonaut Gagarin) and the settlement, later called Leninsk.


rocket equation coffee mug for rocket scientists rocket equation mousepad for rocket scientists rocket equation T-shirt for rocket scientists yes-to-engineering sticker for rocket scientists
other rocket science stuff



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